How AODD Pumps Can Satisfy All Demands in Mining Operations

Mining is amongst the world’s oldest industries, tracing its roots again to those prehistoric days when somebody grabbed a digging instrument and commenced burrowing into the ground. In the various millennia since, mining has grown into one of the world’s most important and widespread commercial enterprises, with operations spread throughout the globe whereas tasked with recovering an nearly inexhaustible listing of valuable commodities.
In truth, according to the World Mining Congress’s World Mining Data 2020 report, 17.7 billion metric tons of mined merchandise were recovered in 2018, up from eleven.3 billion metric tons in 2000 and almost double the 9.6 billion metric tons in 1985. Asian nations accounted for fifty eight p.c of the 2018 manufacturing, with North America second at 15.1 %, followed by Europe (8 percent), Oceania (6.8 percent), Latin America (6.3 percent), and Africa (5.three percent). Individually, China (23 percent), the United States (12.1 percent), Russia (9.2 percent), and Australia (7.2 percent) were essentially the most prolific producers, with their total fifty one.1 percent of production more than the rest of the world mixed.
This signifies that the mining business is a powerful one, with stable development anticipated to continue within the coming years in many regions of the world. It also means that mining operations will continue to depend on pumping applied sciences that provide robust, dependable, and safe service in numerous critical liquid-handling operations. This white paper will illustrate why positive displacement air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps can be the best choice for so much of of these purposes.
While mining would possibly look like nothing greater than a rough-and-tumble operation—holes are dug by heavy equipment or with explosives, opening the hidden ode to access from above—there are, in reality, many complex and generally delicate operations that have to be carried out correctly if the mining operation is to carry out at its highest stage of efficiency.
From a macro standpoint, this requires a pumping technology that may function reliably in harsh and distant areas, even when submerged, or when tasked with handling particulate-laden liquids or toxic/corrosive merchandise, and likewise one which is prepared to be maintained and repaired just so downtime is lessened. The pumps should even be light enough to be manually moved from location to location inside the mine itself.
For many years, a well-liked selection to be used in these conditions was centrifugal pumps. While centrifugal pumps are in a place to create the high move rates which may be required, they’ve a quantity of operational “pain points” that hamper their use in mining purposes: an lack of ability to self-prime or run dry; particular seals wanted to stop leaks; particular linings needed to handle solids; excessive motor speeds of up to 1,800 rpm; and comparatively high maintenance requirements and prices, particularly when charged with transferring solid-heavy liquids.
Another in style alternative has been the progressive cavity pump, but, like centrifugal pumps, they have a selection of operational shortcomings. These embrace an inability to consistently deal with liquids with excessive ranges of abrasives, which ends up in increased upkeep prices, wear on expensive stators and rotors that may eventually must be changed, and total larger buy, operating, and repair/replacement prices.
Here are a few of the specific liquid-transfer operations that happen in a mine and the ways that some pump applied sciences can fall short in satisfying them:
Mine dewatering: Removing extra produced water from the mine is a critical 24/7/365 operation and the water that is recovered is commonly stuffed with particulates that may be as giant as zero.12 to 0.16 inches in size. If used on this software, centrifugal pumps require particular materials of building, which may be cost prohibitive, to guard towards impeller wear brought on by the abrasive particles. Centrifugal pumps are additionally not dry-run succesful, which adversely affects their level of efficiency in this application.
General service: For common liquid-handling purposes, you need an easy-to-operate pump that reliably can run dry, strip lines, operate at low speeds while still delivering excessive flow rates, and be easy to take care of and restore. Centrifugal pumps simply do not possess these capabilities.
Corrosive liquids: Much like solid-laden liquids, corrosive ones can wreak havoc on the wetted parts of centrifugal and progressive cavity pumps. เกจแรงดันน้ำ demands a necessity to make use of particular mechanical seals, which may result in exorbitant upkeep, restore, and substitute costs.
Press filter: Press filters are used to scrub the liquids that are produced within the mines and, again, centrifugal pumps can fall quick on this utility as a result of the solid-laden liquid can injury the pump’s internals unless special, more expensive materials of development or linings are used. Also, the nature of press-filter operation creates a powerful discharge-pressure variation that can force the centrifugal pump to operate away from its best effectivity point (BEP), resulting in excessive vibration and radial loads that can lead to shortened service life. A solution to that is the incorporation of variable frequency drives (VFDs) and controllers, but these are expensive and might negatively have an result on the cost-effectiveness of the operation.
Product switch: This is out there in all types in a mining operation, from loading and unloading from transport vans with new and used oil for the heavy machinery, recent and fouled water, and any chemical substances that are required. In each occasion, there’s the danger that the pump might be forced to run dry as the truck or storage vessel is emptied, while discharge-pressure variation can even generate high vibration and radial hundreds. As previously illustrated, centrifugal pumps cannot run dry, in order that they need safety from this condition or the addition of particular seals. However, all of these upgrades nonetheless can not completely defend towards a catastrophic failure.
While centrifugal pumps—despite their popularity—have confirmed to not be the most effective answer in many liquid-handling applications in mining, one pump know-how that has confirmed to be an optimum choice is AODD—in terms of maximizing reliability, cost-effectiveness, ease of operation and upkeep, and safety for mining personnel and the surroundings.
AODD pumps are in a position to perform effectively in mining purposes because their methodology of operation allows them to easily deal with variable move rates and pressures, while being dry-run and line-stripping capable, and nimble sufficient to transfer liquids which are shear-sensitive or high-viscosity, in addition to slurries laden with rocks, pebbles, and different particulates.
The easy design of the AODD pump features few shifting components and comparably decrease speeds than different pump technologies, which improves reliability and simplifies upkeep, while the pump’s seal-less construction leads to fewer leaks, which is a critical consideration when dealing with the many hard-to-seal, corrosive, or hazardous liquids which are prevalent in a mining operation. AODD pumps can be found in each metallic (most commonly aluminum, ductile iron and cast iron) and plastic (polypropylene and PVDF) housing constructions, whereas a broad selection of elastomers can be used in the diaphragms, which eliminates many chemical-compatibility considerations.
A wide variety of AODD pump configurations present operational flexibility that can also end in optimized efficiency at many ranges. The ability to function AODD pumps in a variety of functions, from fundamental basic use to delicate chemical-handling processes, permits operators to extra cost-effectively outfit their mines. AODD pumps can be less costly to operate, particularly these models which are outfitted with a next-generation mechanically actuated air distribution system (ADS). At their most elementary, AODD pumps excel in the typical rugged and harsh operating circumstances found within the world’s mines, which reduces breakdown incidents together with corresponding downtime and repair costs.
Specifically, Wilden, whose founder, Jim Wilden, conceived the AODD pumping precept sixty-five years in the past, has been dedicated to growing applied sciences that meet the needs of mining operations. Today, Wilden offers three AODD pump models which are constructed to excel in mining applications, obtainable in ductile iron, cast iron, aluminum, polypropylene and Kynar materials of building:
Brahma® Series: The Brahma pumps, which function a bolted configuration, have been built for use in functions that require the dealing with of liquids featuring giant solids. The Brahma pumps have a singular top-inlet/bottom-discharge move orientation and flap valves that enable the passage of enormous solids with no danger that injury will happen as a outcome of product entrapment or the settling of solids throughout the pump’s inner move paths. Brahma pumps can be found in two models—PS810 (2-inch) and PS1510 (3-inch)—that are outfitted with the revolutionary Pro-Flo® SHIFT ADS, which has been designed to reduce air consumption by as a lot as 60 percent. The T810 and T1510 models are powered by the Turbo-Flo™ ADS, the industry’s first air motor for AODD pumps. The flow-rate range for the 4 Brahma pumps is 166 to 258 gallons per minute at pressures as a lot as 125 psi with solids-handling capability ranging from 2 to 3 inches.
Stallion® Series: The Stallion pumps characteristic a clamped design with carrying handles for lightweight portability. Their design options large inner clearances and flow-through paths for simple passage of large solids with no likelihood for clogging. An altered ball/seat check-valve meeting further permits solids passage, whereas a polyurethane screen base on the inlet increases the pump’s durability. The PS4, PS8, and PS15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) models are powered by a Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, with the T4, T8, and T15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) pumps that includes the Turbo-Flo ADS, Wilden’s most strong ADS design for the hardest environments. Flow charges amongst the six models vary from fifty seven gallons per minute to 232 gallons per minute at working pressures up to 125 psi. Solids sizes that could be dealt with vary from 1/2 to 1 inch.
Pro-Flo SHIFT Series: Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps feature clamped or bolted configuration. Their design options completely different chamber materials, together with metallic and plastics, even Kynar, which is able to dealing with high ranges of abrasive supplies. The Pro-Flo SHIFT can be the most environment friendly AODD pump available within the market, able to reducing up to 60 % air consumption. This makes it the best option for dealing with corrosive and abrasive products in mining processes. The pumps have a product range that goes from 1.5 to 3 inches and flows from 2 to 271 gallons per minute.
All of the Brahma, Stallion, and Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps are in a position to be outfitted with a huge selection of diaphragm styles—including the newer Chem-Fuse, EZ-Install, and Reduced-Stroke models—in a various array of supplies, similar to Wil-Flex™ (Santoprene®), Geolast®, Polyurethane, Buna-N®, EPDM, Neoprene, FKM, and PTFE. This diaphragm vary provides users the widest selection of diaphragms in the marketplace, all of that are able to providing prolonged imply time between failure (MTBF) for optimized uptime with reduced maintenance, restore, and substitute costs.
All of those capabilities make AODD pumps the perfect alternative for the aforementioned common liquid-handling applications in mining: dewatering, basic service, corrosive-handling, filter press, and every day product switch.
In summary, Wilden AODD pumps are the best suited choice for mining applications because they provide appreciable operational advantages, like comparable low-speed operation, dry-run, line-stripping, self-priming, and deadhead capability, together with increased operational security and a reduction in maintenance/repair costs that could be incurred by pumps that are not designed to handle abrasive/corrosive or solid-laden liquids.
Wilden AODD pumps also outperform different AODD technologies in different vital ways: simple design with the lowest number of elements for sooner, easier, and safer repairs and the lowest variety of spare components to stock; recent improvements in supplies of construction that enhance the pump’s MTBF; and improved efficiency by way of the usage of the Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, which ultimately results in faster product switch with decrease air consumption. Wilden additionally continues to innovate through the event of the next-generation Chem-Fuse and EZ-Install diaphragms, both of which enhance service life and security whereas not compromising the handling of difficult liquids.
Fernando Meneses is the regional supervisor North Latin America for Wilden, a leading manufacturer of air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps. He can be reached at Wilden is a product brand of PSG®, a Dover company. PSG is comprised of a quantity of main pump corporations, including Abaque®, All-Flo™, Almatec®, Blackmer®, Ebsray, em-tec®, Griswold®, Hydro™, Mouvex®, Neptune®, Quantex™, Quattroflow®, RedScrew™, and Wilden®. For extra info, visit or

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