Donations – An Essential Guide, Part 3

Donations could cause unintended strain
Donations of Emergency Services equipment to the Global South come from every kind of sources and comprise a wide range of brands of kit. Donating entities collect no matter they’ll and bundle goods into shipments that ideally match the needs of the recipient. But the somewhat haphazard donations process can find yourself creating added pressure on the Global South recipient departments. After all, it’s exhausting enough maintaining a standardized stock of equipment. But think about now having a mixture of tools, every with barely different characteristics and attributes – gear, instruments and vehicles with totally different manuals if you have them, different spare components if you want them, specialist technical support if by some means you may get access to it domestically, and infrequently directions that aren’t within the local language of recipient firefighters.
Moreover, I actually have seen donated gear arrive in recipient countries that’s clearly marked as out of service (OOS), unserviceable (U/S), unrepairable, failed and even ‘unsafe–do not use’. Also frequent is damaged or incomplete tools; PPE that’s torn, nonetheless soiled with blood, or with out thermal liners; cracked helmets with no face shields or inside shell; SCBA masks with no harnesses or exhalation valves; seized pumps; and, the most common of all, punctured fire hose.
เกจวัดแรงดันน้ำ4หุน include written disclaimers from some Global North organizations, absolving them from any warranty, guarantee and accountability for accident, damage or mechanical failure after delivery. But legal liability is hardly the biggest concern of a recipient division trying to shield its personnel. Clear fit-for-duty conditions should all the time be met by a donation to ensure it serves its intended purpose.
Lastly, many donors expect the host nation or recipient division to cowl some prices – shipping, import duties and flights for volunteers offering training and attending the handover. And whereas there are good arguments for cost-sharing (including that it encourages accountability on the part of the recipient), these prices can be substantial for recipients who in lots of cases can’t afford basic, new belongings. These prices put vital strain on the recipient departments and can end result in donations being caught in warehouses for months or years whereas recipients wait for somebody to pay taxes and charges to get the equipment ‘released’ for use.
Are we encouraging risk?
I have seen many types of equipment that require common, specialist care and statutory control that have arrived within the palms of abroad personnel having failed or exceeded the permissible standards expected in the nation of origin. Used ladders, hoses, pumps, chemical safety fits, medical supplies, radiation and gas-monitoring gadgets, strains, lifejackets, vertical rescue equipment, and so forth. all cascade their method right down to nations where they’re used and trusted by those with less regulatory safety. Firefighters in the Global South are no much less courageous than their counterparts in richer nations. The gear they use should nonetheless be protected.
It issues me – and I even have seen this within the field – that some sorts of refined donated gear typically encourage firefighters to deal with emergencies that they have no training or capability to handle. In many circumstances, they expose themselves to far greater threat, as they’ve neither the experience nor the training alternatives that Global North responders have.
Responders in emerging markets don’t have the posh of calling the local power or gasoline firm to isolate the provision to a property before they enter. They might face stored domestic fuel bottles, unauthorized electrical energy connections, unlawful constructing requirements, and other hazards that make their operations particularly precarious. But armed with their newly donated gear, they often assume that they are higher protected to enter these dangers than before, when they had nothing.
Ask your self when you would honestly be okay with using donated equipment that has failed certification or handed its usable date in your individual every day emergencies, not to mention beneath these circumstances?
Some donor agencies that send their personnel to provide short-term, basic training concern their own ‘certificates of attendance and/or competence’. But attendance isn’t the same as mastery. A firefighter receiving a donation is unlikely to ask if the foreign professional is actually certified to show them about a explicit piece of apparatus. Unless certifications are endorsed or recognized by a genuine requirements agency within the host nation and the instructors have current qualifications and legal authority to issue them outdoors their own country, the follow is questionable.
In many ways, skilled guidance is even more necessary than the donated tools itself. If we need to forestall donation-driven danger taking by Global South first responders, we have to not solely donate equipment that’s fit for obligation but also support our donations with certified folks on the bottom, working hand in hand with the local personnel for an acceptable time frame to correctly information and certify users in operations and upkeep.
Donations ought to drive budget
Finally, donations do not automatically remedy the gear and training void in emerging markets, and in some instances, they’ll truly exacerbate the problem. Global South firefighters asking for overseas assist are doing so as a outcome of their native authorities both lack the necessary funds or don’t see their wants as a priority. But the reality is that in many nations’ governments, officers usually have little understanding of the industry. They assume that donated used items are a helpful answer to a budget shortfall. A short-term repair maybe. But in the lengthy term, the goal have to be to encourage governments to deal with the true short- and long-term wants of their Emergency Services personnel and really spend cash on the development of high quality Emergency Services for his or her international locations. A fast fix may take the pressure off quickly, however the important discussion about long-term financing between departments and their governments needs to be taking place sooner, not later.
In the end, there is not a shortcutting high quality. Donations must be high quality equipment, licensed for use and ideally, the place possible, the identical or similar brands as those getting used currently by recipients. Equipment wants to come with real training from practitioners with present expertise on the gear being obtained. Recipients must be skilled so the new gear can make them safer, not create additional danger. And donations mustn’t end a dialog about price range – they need to be part of a dialog about larger standards and higher service that relies on a wide range of new, recycled and donated gear that really serves the ever-expanding wants of the global Emergency Services group.
Please maintain an eye fixed out for the fourth and last instalment of this article next month, where I will illustrate factors to consider when making a donation, in addition to recommendations to make sure profitable donations you can feel pleased with.
Chris Gannon
Chris Gannon has spent 29 years in the industry as a national Fire Chief, government advisor, CEO of Gannon Emergency Solutions, and has constructed a status as a pioneer in reviewing and bettering Emergency Services around the globe. For extra data, please visit or
GESA (Global Emergency Services Action)
GESA is a global non-profit based in 2020 by leader firms in the Emergency Services sector. GESA is a coalition of companies, consultants and practitioners working collectively to vary the method ahead for the worldwide Emergency Services market. We are at present developing our flagship platform – the GESA Equipment Exchange – a web-based tool that will join Global South departments with manufacturers, consultants, trainers and suppliers to tie donations to a sustainable, longer-term pipeline of sales and repair. For extra information, membership inquiries and more, please contact

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