33 keys to butterfly valve selection

Plastic physique and disc butterfly valves can be utilized for quite lots of functions. From basic on/off valves for swimming pools to throttle management valves for chemical processing, the butterfly valve is the workhorse valve of many industries. Regardless of the severity of the applying, correct operation and upkeep play a important position within the lifetime of a valve once put into service.
When it comes to butterfly valve selection, contemplate these three components: materials, body style and how the valve is operated.

No single thermoplastic material is the solution for all functions. Two of the most typical materials for plastic butterfly valves are polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC), that are extensively used throughout many industries. In wanting on the variations between PVC and CPVC, we see that both have a maximum excessive working stress of a hundred and fifty psi, but CPVC has the next working temperature than PVC. In an utility like a swimming pool, either material would work for chemical resistance and temperature, but for decent water service above 140ºF, PVC is now not an choice. CPVC, nonetheless, has a better temperature limit of approximately 195ºF.
Valve liner material selection can be influenced by temperature. Ethylene propylene diene terpolymer (EPDM) and fluorinated elastomer (FKM) are two frequent liner supplies. Both have higher temperature limits equal to or greater than PVC and CPVC, however butterfly valves with FKM liners can turn out to be inoperable under 23ºF due to the hardening of the rubber compound. This causes the massive resilient seat of the valve to turn into exhausting, which makes it tough to seat the valve to a closed position, or unseat it to open.
Body styles

Butterfly valve physique kinds largely depend upon the valve’s location within a piping system. Valves in the center of a process line, sandwiched between two mating flanges with bolts that move via the valve and usually are not threaded into the valve body, are often identified as wafer style valves.
For end-of-line purposes, lug type butterfly valves allow one mating flange to be eliminated. Threaded ไดอะแฟรม are either overmolded into the valve physique, or the valve body is molded or machined to merely accept a lug with an inside thread for mating flange bolts from both side of the valve.
Once downstream piping is eliminated, an end-of-line valve ought to be secured utilizing a blind flange.

Manually operated butterfly valves require both a lever or a gear operator to open and shut the valve. A lever deal with can be used for smaller valves (up to four inches in diameter). An operator manually rotates the lever ninety levels to tug the valve disc out of the valve seat to open the valve. Rotating the valve in the opposite direction ninety degrees will close it again. Typical rotation is counterclockwise to open, and clockwise to shut. The only mechanical advantage here is the size of the lever acting on the fulcrum point turning the valve stem. The longer the handle, the easier it is to operate the deal with, but too long a handle turns into impractical.
A gear operator is a mechanical operator where a hand wheel is connected to a shaft with a worm gear on one finish that engages a central gear connected to the valve stem. This provides a mechanical advantage because of the ratio of the gearing. Gear operators require multiple 360-degree rotations of the hand wheel to realize the 90 degrees required for open or close.
Operation, maintenance & failure prevention

Like all valves, butterfly valves must be operated periodically to ensure reliability. A butterfly that stays within the closed position for an extended time frame may get stuck closed and turn out to be inoperable. Sediment can build up against the disc, which might be troublesome to push out of the way because the disc swings open. The rubber liner can take a set around the disc, making it troublesome to tug the disc out of the liner to open the valve. In the occasion of a chemical assault, the liner can swell across the disc successfully proscribing its motion.
Since butterfly valves are used in many applications, there are completely different necessities for upkeep based mostly on the type of media within the system, and different ways the valve can be affected by the fluids passing by way of it.
Clean fluid methods with low chemical concentrations ought to require little upkeep; Periodic cycling of the valve ought to guarantee its reliable operation.
Harsh chemical compounds could attack rubber liner seals, resulting in cracking or swelling of the liner. In such cases, it is suggested to maintain affected parts in stock for rebuilding or replacement. Swelling of the liner may lead to excessive stem torque to function the valve, which could lead to a extra catastrophic type of failure the place the valve disc might crack or split.
Suspended particles in fluid could be abrasive and cause bother in an put in valve. In purposes where particulate travels beneath stress by way of a valve opening, put on on the valve disc and liner turn into apparent. Affected areas embrace the surface diameter of the disc, as properly as the rubber liner. The wear on these surfaces may have a unfavorable influence on sealing efficiency as the sealing components (disc and liner) become out of tolerance with their design dimensions, which can result in leakage previous a closed position valve as a outcome of abraded supplies. Additionally, the overall thickness of the disc could possibly be lowered, compromising the crucial cross-section dimension, which may lead to a cracked disc failure.
Debris in the form of giant particles or overseas objects can become lodged within the valve opening, causing a broken disc or liner. Damage to the sealing surface of the disc will end in a leak path. While the flow might be decreased, constructive shutoff cannot be achieved. This type of failure will require disassembly and replacement of the broken elements.
Scaling or buildup of international material on the internal valve components can happen in some processes. Landfills use chemical substances to deal with the leachate or groundwater that has leached by way of a waste pit. The remaining compound can build up and coat a butterfly valve’s inner disc or liner. Operating the valve creates a wiping action of the valve disc against the liner as it opens and closes, which may be sufficient to disturb the overseas layer and reestablish normal disc-to-liner sealing efficiency.
Even one of the best butterfly valves will not final eternally, however cautious consideration and choice of valve supplies and elegance, coupled with proper maintenance and an consciousness of potential problems, can significantly enhance the life of a valve in even the harshest functions.

Scroll to Top