33 keys to butterfly valve choice

Plastic body and disc butterfly valves can be used for a wide range of functions. From primary on/off valves for swimming swimming pools to throttle management valves for chemical processing, the butterfly valve is the workhorse valve of many industries. Regardless of the severity of the appliance, correct operation and upkeep play a critical role in the life of a valve once put into service.
When it comes to butterfly valve choice, think about these three components: material, physique type and the way the valve is operated.

No single thermoplastic material is the answer for all purposes. Two of the most common materials for plastic butterfly valves are polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC), that are widely used all through many industries. In trying at the differences between PVC and CPVC, we see that both have a maximum excessive working strain of one hundred fifty psi, however CPVC has a higher working temperature than PVC. In an utility like a swimming pool, either material would work for chemical resistance and temperature, but for warm water service above 140ºF, PVC is now not an choice. CPVC, however, has a better temperature restrict of approximately 195ºF.
Valve liner materials selection can be influenced by temperature. Ethylene propylene diene terpolymer (EPDM) and fluorinated elastomer (FKM) are two widespread liner materials. Both have upper temperature limits equal to or larger than PVC and CPVC, but butterfly valves with FKM liners can become inoperable under 23ºF as a result of hardening of the rubber compound. This causes the big resilient seat of the valve to turn out to be onerous, which makes it difficult to seat the valve to a closed place, or unseat it to open.
Body kinds

Butterfly valve physique types largely depend upon the valve’s location within a piping system. Valves in the middle of a course of line, sandwiched between two mating flanges with bolts that move by way of the valve and aren’t threaded into the valve body, are often identified as wafer type valves.
For end-of-line functions, lug type butterfly valves permit one mating flange to be eliminated. Threaded metal lug inserts are both overmolded into the valve physique, or the valve body is molded or machined to just accept a lug with an inside thread for mating flange bolts from both aspect of the valve.
Once downstream piping is eliminated, an end-of-line valve must be secured using a blind flange.

Manually operated butterfly valves require either a lever or a gear operator to open and close the valve. A lever handle can be utilized for smaller valves (up to four inches in diameter). An operator manually rotates the lever 90 levels to pull the valve disc out of the valve seat to open the valve. Rotating the valve in the reverse direction ninety levels will close it again. Typical rotation is counterclockwise to open, and clockwise to shut. The only mechanical benefit right here is the length of the lever acting on the fulcrum level turning the valve stem. The longer the handle, the simpler it’s to function the handle, but too lengthy a deal with becomes impractical.
A gear operator is a mechanical operator the place a hand wheel is hooked up to a shaft with a worm gear on one finish that engages a central gear hooked up to the valve stem. This offers a mechanical benefit due to the ratio of the gearing. Gear operators require multiple 360-degree rotations of the hand wheel to attain the ninety levels required for open or close.
Operation, upkeep & failure prevention

Like all valves, butterfly valves have to be operated periodically to ensure reliability. A butterfly that stays within the closed position for an prolonged time frame might get stuck closed and turn into inoperable. Sediment can construct up towards the disc, which could possibly be difficult to push out of the greatest way because the disc swings open. The rubber liner can take a set around the disc, making it difficult to drag the disc out of the liner to open the valve. In the occasion of a chemical assault, the liner can swell across the disc effectively proscribing its movement.
Since butterfly valves are used in many applications, there are completely different requirements for maintenance based on the kind of media in the system, and different ways the valve can be affected by the fluids passing through it.
Clean fluid systems with low chemical concentrations should require little maintenance; Periodic cycling of the valve ought to guarantee its dependable operation.
Harsh chemicals might assault rubber liner seals, leading to cracking or swelling of the liner. In such situations, it is suggested to keep affected elements in inventory for rebuilding or replacement. Swelling of the liner may also end in extreme stem torque to function the valve, which could result in a more catastrophic type of failure the place the valve disc might crack or split.
Suspended particles in fluid can be abrasive and trigger hassle in an put in valve. In applications the place particulate travels beneath pressure by way of a valve opening, wear on the valve disc and liner turn out to be obvious. Affected areas include the skin diameter of the disc, in addition to the rubber liner. The wear on these surfaces could have a negative impact on sealing efficiency as the sealing parts (disc and liner) turn into out of tolerance with their design dimensions, which can end in leakage past a closed place valve because of the abraded supplies. Additionally, the general thickness of the disc might be lowered, compromising the important cross-section dimension, which may lead to a cracked disc failure.
Debris in the type of massive particles or international objects can turn out to be lodged within the valve opening, inflicting a damaged disc or liner. Damage to the sealing floor of the disc will result in a leak path. While the move might be lowered, optimistic shutoff can’t be achieved. ไดอะแฟรม of failure will require disassembly and replacement of the broken components.
Scaling or buildup of international materials on the internal valve parts can happen in some processes. Landfills use chemical substances to treat the leachate or groundwater that has leached via a waste pit. The remaining compound can construct up and coat a butterfly valve’s inside disc or liner. Operating the valve creates a wiping motion of the valve disc against the liner as it opens and closes, which may be sufficient to disturb the overseas layer and reestablish normal disc-to-liner sealing performance.
Even one of the best butterfly valves is not going to final endlessly, however careful consideration and selection of valve materials and style, coupled with correct maintenance and an awareness of potential complications, can significantly improve the life of a valve in even the harshest functions.

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